Have you ever wondered about what gives cannabis its distinctive aroma and taste? If so, and you did a bit of research, then you probably became very familiar with the term “terpenes”. If terpenes are new to you, then keep reading to learn about part of the magic behind one of the most powerful plants on earth.
So, What Are Terpenes?
Terpenes are a large class of organic compounds produced by some insects and many plants, with one of the most popular plant producers being cannabis — there are over 100 known terpenes derived from cannabis alone! Terpenes are often extracted from medicinal plants and flowers to create potent essential oils. These compounds usually have a very strong odor, so their essential oils are commonly used to fragrance perfumes, in medicines, and in aromatherapy.
However, terpenes offer much more than just pungent aromas. When ingested or inhaled, terpenes are believed to assist cannabinoids in penetrating the blood-brain barrier for more rapid absorption of THC and other cannabis components. These natural compounds also influence neurotransmitters in the brain to produce a variety of effects. Terpenes play a role in the creation and destruction of dopamine and serotonin, the biochemicals responsible for regulating mood and euphoria, helping to explain why varying strains of marijuana have different effects on your temperament or experience of being “high”.
Why Are Terpenes Popular in Medical Use?
In addition to their psychoactive effects, terpenes are quickly gaining attention in the medical field for the comprehensive array of health benefits that they offer. Some particularly compelling terpenes getting noticed include:
Caryophyllene is known to be an effective treatment for ulcers, arthritis, digestive ailments, and autoimmune disorders. This useful terpene has a spicy, woody smell, and is also naturally found in cloves, black pepper, and cotton. Hash Plant, Bubba Kush, OG Kush, and Chemdawg are cannabis strains that offer increased levels of caryophyllene.
Myrcene is a terpene that possesses antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-carcinogenic properties. This biochemical is also used to relieve muscle tension and pain, as well as to alleviate depression and insomnia. Myrcene provides an herbal scent with hints of citrus and tropical fruit, and may also be found in mango, thyme, and lemongrass. Cannabis varieties known for higher levels of myrcene include: Pure Kush, Pink Kush, Jack Herer, White Widow, Warlock CBD, Himalayan Gold, and Skunk #1.
Linalool is a floral-scented terpene found in many plants and spices, including soothing lavender and tasty coriander. This terpene is known to decrease stress levels and anxiety. It is also a reliable anti-inflammatory, analgesic and anti-epileptic. Additionally, linalool has been used to help treat opioid addiction. Cannabis strains possessing linalool as a primary component include: LA Confidential, Lavender, Amnesia Haze, and Special Kush.
Wide Variety of Options
Now that you have the answer to the question, “What are terpenes?”, explore potent cannabis products containing terpenes. The products we carry include a number of different ingestion methods including smoking, vaping, eating, and applying topically. Consult with a knowledgeable representative to learn more about the benefits of medicinal cannabis terpenes and options available to you.