Many of the new cannabis laws that have recently been passed around the country include the right to grow your own marijuana plants in your home. Growing your own cannabis is an alternative way to cultivate your favorite strains –– and can be a budget-friendly way of obtaining your cannabis.
The notion of growing weed indoors may seem intimidating, but it is a lot less challenging when you map out the initial steps required. We put together this handy guide on how to grow cannabis indoors to help you get started on your very own plants.
1. Pick Your Grow Space
So, you’ve decided to growing weed indoors (or, you’re at least giving it some thought). The first step is to determine exactly where to place the plants in your home.
The good news is that you don’t have to replicate a sprawling California farm indoors and there are a number of options here, even when working with limited space. A portion of your extra bedroom, the corner of your basement, or even your spare closet can be transformed into your new grow room.
Some home growers will block out an entire room for their plants, but you can adjust the size and location of your grow space in order to keep things discrete and manageable.
2. Buy Your Tools
Of course, your plants will require light. In lieu of natural sunshine, you’ll need to pick up a grow light. There are various lighting options to choose from, including MH (Metal Halide) systems and HID (High Intensity Discharge) lighting. Those lights tend to give off a fair amount of heat, so if that’s a concern in the summer months, you could also look into cooler systems such as LED and CFL (Compact Fluorescent) ones.
Beyond that, you’ll need a carbon filter, an exhaust fan, a thermometer, and a hygrometer. The fan and filter will keep excess heat to a minimum and help to prevent other areas of your house from smelling like weed. The thermometer and hygrometer, meanwhile, will allow you to keep tabs on the temperature and humidity of the grow space, which are essential stats for the vitality of your plant.
You’ll also have to pick up seeds or clones as well as soil mix, nutrients, and buckets. The bucket size will depend on your spatial limitations, but first-time growers often start with three gallon buckets. Be sure to give your plants ample room to grow while also accounting for the space taken up by the equipment. Cannabis plants can double or even triple in size during the early stages, so you’ll need to think a couple steps ahead.
3. Care And Maintenance
After planting, you’ll need to adjust the reflector in order to keep the light close to the plant. As the plant grows, you’ll need to change the height and position of the reflector in order to keep it at an appropriate distance. If the light is too close to the plant, you could be overexposing the plant, which can cause irreparable damage.
Watering the plants is a must, obviously, but too much water can actually be harmful. This is an essential factor to keep in mind when learning how to grow cannabis indoors. Be sure to take it easy on the H2O and nutrients at the outset and add as needed. To determine whether your plant is ready for watering, lift up the bucket periodically to assess its weight at the bottom. If it feels particularly heavy, then your plant likely has sufficient water for the time being.
The nutrients used will be heavily impacted by the pH balance of the water, so it’s important to keep pH balance in mind. Using a pH kit, you’ll want to test your water and keep it within a range of 6.0-7.0. Some variance within the range is okay, but you’ll risk a smaller yield if the water is too far outside of the limits.
You’ll also have to prune in order to get the biggest yield possible out of your limited space. Cutting branches will allow for two new shoots to emerge, giving you a flower-filled plant at the end.
4. It’s Time To Enjoy Your Harvest
Growing weed indoors takes a lot of time and patience. After about three months, your plants should be ready for harvest. Then, you’ll need to dry your plants for one week before curing them for two to four weeks.
For the drying out process, you may want to pick up a humidifier if the nuggets are drying out too quickly. Proper air circulation is also key in order to avoid nasty mold growths, though if the fan is too close, it will hinder the drying process.
Once the stems of the nuggets are dry, it’s time to jar up your harvest. Place your weed in opaque jars in a cool dark place and open them at least once daily to let out the moisture and bring in some dry air.
Growing Weed Indoors Not For You?
Now that you know the basics of how to grow cannabis indoors, you have the knowledge you need to get started on your very own miniature marijuana farm. However, the time, patience, work, and initial investment required to grow weed indoors is not for everybody. Growing weed indoors is fun and rewarding for some, but there’s no shame in leaving it to the experts.
Fortunately, if you’re in Southern California, you can get high quality cannabis flower, cannabis edibles, cannabis extracts, and more from the TOPS Cannabis delivery services. Rather than fretting over your own plants, our expert Budtenders can help you find countless high-quality strains of marijuana without the hassle of maintaining your own setup.